I bow to the Arahants, the perfected human beings.
I bow to the Siddhas, liberated bodiless souls.
I bow to the Acharyas, the masters and heads of congregations.
I bow to the Upadhyayas, the spiritual teachers.
I bow to the Sadhus, spiritual practitioners in the universe.
This fivefold obeisance mantra, destroys all sins and obstacles, and of all auspicious repetitions, is the first and foremost.
Navkar Mantra is the most fundamental mantra and contains the essence of Jainism. It points out that if we want to be truly liberated, we have to give up worldly life. It can be recited at any time of the day. While reciting the Navkar Mantra, the aspirant bows with respect to Arihantas, Siddhas, Acharyas, Upadhyayas, Sadhus, and Sadhvis. The mantra enables us to worship the virtues of all the supreme spiritual people instead of just worshipping one particular person By saluting them, Jains receive the inspiration from the five benevolent for the right path of true happiness and total freedom from the misery of life.
The term Arihanta is made up of Ari, meaning enemies, and hant, meaning destroyer. Consequently, Arihanta means destroyer of enemies. In this case the term enemies refers to passions such as anger, greed, ego, and deceit, which are internal enemies, because they defile thetrue nature of the soul. A soul can only reach the state of Arihanta by overcoming all its inner enemies.
Siddhas are liberated souls. They have reached the highest state, salvation, and have attained Moksha. They have eradicated all their karmas, and therefore do not accumulate any more new karmas.
Acharya are spiritual leaders. The responsibility of the spiritual welfare of the entire Jain community rests on the shoulders of the Acharyas. Before reaching this state, one has to do an in-depth study and have a thorough mastery of the Jain scriptures. In addition to acquiring a high level of spiritual excellence, they also have the ability to lead the monastic communion. They should also know the various languages of the country and have acquired a sound knowledge of other philosophies, ideologies, and religions of the region and the world.
This title is given to those Sadhus who have acquired a special knowledge of the Agams (Jain scriptures) and philosophical systems. They teach Jain scriptures to deserving aspirants, including sadhus and sadhvis.
5) SADHUS AND SADHVIS
A male person who renounces the worldly life is called a monk or sadhu, and a female is called a nun or sadhvi. When householders become detached from the worldly aspects of life and aspire for spiritual uplift, they renounce their worldly lives and become Sadhus or Sadhvis, by accepting Deeksha. Before such initiation, they must stay with Sadhus or Sadhvis for a period of time to understand religious studies and to observe the code of conduct for renounced life. When they feel confident, they request an Acharya to initiate them into the renounced order. If the Acharya feels that they have the desire and capability to face the rigors of renounced life, then he gives them Deeksha.
You can listen to Namakar Mantra to start your journey on this web page and to listen Manglik, which is recited by Guruni Ji click Mangal Path.